For an overview of the country, with general information, news and statistics as well as for a reference list, see:

Chad page in the ASC country portal.

Chad country profile in the BBC NEWS / Country profiles section.

Partial literature

de Bruijn, M. E. 2016, “Citizen journalism at crossroads: mediated political agency and duress in Central Africa”in Mutsvairo, B., ed. 2015. Participatory Politics and Citizen Journalism in a Networked Africa. A Connected Continent.UK: Palgrave Macmillan: 90-104

de Bruijn, M. E., M. Bøås, L. Gayer, and M. Debos. 2013. “Autour D’un Livre. ‘Le Métier Des Armes Au Tchad: Le Gouvernement de L’entre-Guerres’ de Marielle Debos.” Politique Africaine 132: 175–96.

de Bruijn, M. E. and N. Djindil. 2009. “The Silent Victims of Humanitarian Crisis and Livelihood Security, A Case Study among Migrants in Two Chadian Towns.” JAMBA, Journal of Disaster 2 (3): 253–72.

de Bruijn, M. E.. 2008. “The Impossibility of Civil Organizations in Post-War Chad.” In Bellagamba, A., Klute, G., Beside the State: Emergent Powers in Contemporary Africa, 89–105. Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe Publishers.

de Bruijn, M. E., and H. van Dijk. 2007. “Chad.” In Mehler, A., Melber, H., van Walraven, K. (eds.) African Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2006, 215–23. Leiden: Brill.

de Bruijn, M. E., and H. van Dijk. 2007. “The Multiple Experiences of Civil War in the Guera Region of Chad 1965-1990.” Sociologus 57 (1): 61–98.

de Bruijn, M. E., R. van Dijk, and J-B Gewald, eds. 2007. Strength beyond Structure, Social and Historical Trajectories of Agency in Africa. Strength beyond Structure, Social and Historical Trajectories of Agency in Africa. Leiden: Brill.

de Bruijn, M.E., N. Djindil. 2006. “Etat nutritionnel et histoire de vie des « enfants de la rue » de la ville de N’djamena, Tchad”, Psychopathologie africaine XXXIII (2): 183-213.

de Bruijn, M.E. 2006. “Neighbours on the Fringes of a Small city in Post-War Chad”, in P. Konings & D. Foeken (eds), Crisis and Creativity, Exploring the Wealth of the African Neighbourhood, Leiden: Brill, pp. 211-230.

Djimet, S. 2013, (De)connexions identitaires post-conflit: les Hadjeray du Tchad face à la mobilité et aux technologies de la communication, Leiden: African Studies Centre (ASC)

Focus on the current events in Chad

V4T projects

Croquemort – reference list

Salma – reference list

The portraits of Chadian opinion leaders, a video rubrique by Deuh’b Emmanuel Zyzou and Bokal

External links

Association Tchad Plus

Deuhb Emmanuel’s blog Rapportage de N’djamena

Mirjam de Bruijn’s blog Counter Voices in Africa

Mobile Health project